FREE BLACKS IN RAPPAHANNOCK IN 1850

This is an abstraction of the names of all free blacks taken from the 1850 Rappahannock census. Their color was listed as either black or mulatto. Some were living in white households, some had their own households. Peasant Veney had land valued at $100 and Letty West had land valued at $120. The most common occupation listed is laborer, with blacksmiths, coopers, and shoemakers also listed. One man worked as a distiller. No woman, whether white or black, has any occupation listed in the 1850 census. We can assume that black women living in white households were probably working as domestic servants and those having their own household were in some way farming. White women head of households who had not only their sons listed as laborers, but also had unrelated white laborers and black laborers in their household, were obviously farming, but no occupation is enumerated for them in the census. There were 278 free blacks or mulattoes living in the county in 1850.

Eva Grimsley 7/21/2020

Household # Last Name First Name Color Age Occupation Notes Birthplace
45 Shaw George M 18 Laborer In household of Wm. Corbin VA
45 Shaw Charles B 17 Laborer In household of Wm. Corbin VA
45 Phillips Lucy B 13   In household of Wm. Corbin VA
55 Bundy Armstead B 55 Carpenter In household of John C. Lane VA
76 White Susan M 23   In household of Warner Miller VA
76 White Catherine M 3   In household of Warner Miller VA
76 White Columbus M 2   In household of Warner Miller VA
76 White Susan M 2 mths.   In household of Warner Miller VA
83 Craig Mary B 64   Own HH VA
83 Craig Susan B 30     VA
83 Craig Lawson B 20 Laborer   VA
83 Craig Wenny B 16     VA
83 Craig Lewis B 11     VA
83 Craig Sarah B 8     VA
83 Craig Lucy B 7     VA
83 Craig James B 6     VA
83 Craig Thomas B 8 mths.     VA
83 Timbers Ellen B 15   In household of Mary Craig VA
92 West Ellen C. M 14   In household of Hanson Bryant a merchant. Also, in the HH were Albert Brady, white, working as a clerk. VA
94 Lewis Preston B 10   In household of Marcus Cooper a merchant. VA
100 Richardson Harriett B 13   In household of Enoch W. Kendall a farmer VA
102 Phillips George B 13   In household of Coleman Cheek tavern keeper VA
115 Phillips Henry B 50 Laborer Own HH VA
115 Phillips Charlotte B 46     VA
115 Phillips Mary B 20     VA
115 Phillips Elizabeth B 17     VA
115 Phillips Alfred B 18 Laborer   VA
115 Phillips John B 12     VA
115 Phillips Robert B 7     VA
115 Phillips Margaret B 4     VA
115 Phillips Martha B 4 mths.     VA
165 King William M 21 Laborer In HH of Thomas McFarling a farmer VA
180 Page Willis B 60 Blacksmith Own HH VA
180 Page Susan B 45     VA
180 Page Harriett B 17     VA
180 Page Ellen B 14     VA
180 Page Henry B 9     VA
210 Williams Gustavus B 50 Stonemason In HH of Joseph Brady a shoemaker VA
221 Redman Ellen M 65   Own HH VA
221 Redman Nancy M 100     VA
221 Redman William M 30     VA
221 Timbers Margaret M 8     VA
236 Dennis Frances B 15   In HH of Daniel Botts a merchant VA
239 Veney Marshal M 26 Shoemaker In HH of G. T. Rosson a shoemaker. Also living in the HH was Silas Hutt, 16 a white shoemaker. VA
241 Veney Judith M 47   Own HH VA
257 Phillips Elizabeth B 27   Own HH VA
257 Phillips Mary B 8     VA
257 Phillips Lucy M 5     VA
257 Phillips Elizabeth M 1     VA
258 Phillips Charles B 18 Laborer In HH of Thomas Hand farmer VA
258 Phillips Philip B 15   In HH of Thomas Hand farmer VA
264 Timbers Elizabeth B 40   Own HH VA
264 Timbers James B 12     VA
264 Timbers Charity B 8     VA
264 Timbers Oliver B 4     VA
264 Timbers Thompson B 2     VA
266 Tytus Lucy B 42   Own HH VA
266 Lawler Daniel B 30 Laborer   VA
266 Brook Tytus B 19 Laborer   VA
266 Tytus James M 8     VA
272 Dade Thomas B 60 Laborer Own HH VA
272 Dade Dolly B 49     VA
272 Dade Susan B 21     VA
272 Dade Joseph B 4     VA
272 Dade Margaret M 3     VA
272 Dade Helen  M 6 mths     VA
310 Timbers Eliza M 42   Own HH VA
310 Timbers William M 2   Own HH VA
314 Phillips Catharine B 40   Own HH VA
322 Phillips Martin B 30 Carpenter In HH of Mary Lawler VA
334 Smith Frances B 16   In HH of Wm. W. Deatherage merchant VA
336 Curtis Susan B 20   In HH of Jms. T. Foley physician VA
338 Berry Billy M 48 Shoemaker In HH of Augustine Coppage Shoemaker VA
338 Craig Daniel B 25 Laborer In HH of Augustine Coppage Shoemaker VA
340 Craig Susan B 45   In HH of Thomas Norman Shoemaker VA
340 Craig John B 7   In HH of Thomas Norman Shoemaker VA
359 Craig Jack M 22 Blacksmith In HH of Henry Reager blacksmith in Flint Hill. VA
359 Chancellor Dick M 19 Blacksmith In HH of Henry Reager blacksmith VA
359 Helm George M 17 Apprentice In HH of Henry Reager blacksmith VA
364 Craig John B 18 Laborer In HH of Zadok Sedwick farmer. His son James B. and Franklin Kines also worked as laborers for him. VA
374 Lawler Sarah M 10   In HH of Winterton Murphy farmer VA
374 Lawler James B 9   In HH of Winterton Murphy farmer VA
374 Lawler Robert B 7   In HH of Winterton Murphy farmer VA
375 Lawler Jane B 35   Own HH VA
375 Lawler Mary B 33     VA
380 Timbers Susan B 13   In HH of Bazil Grigsby farmer VA
381 Phillips Lewis M 13   In HH of Jane Wood  VA
391 Timbers Frances B 8   In HH of Edward Wright farmer (he and his family were born in England) VA
403 Lawson John B 38 Blacksmith Own HH VA
403 Lawson Mary B 35     VA
403 Lawson Lucy B 13     VA
403 Lawson Mary E. B 11     VA
403 Lawson Sarah C. B 7     VA
403 Lawson Patsy B 6     VA
403 Lawson Frances B 3     VA
403 Lawson James B 1     VA
403 French Albert B 24 Blacksmith In HH of John Lawson  VA
420 Fletcher Franklin M 17 Laborer In HH of George Bowyer farmer VA
421 Fletcher Caroline M 16   In HH of Mary Garner VA
437 Timbers Harry B 17 Laborer In HH of Austen Smith, farmer VA
453 Lawson Charlotte B 18   In HH of Joseph Weaver farmer VA
497 Marrs Elias B 32 Laborer In HH of William Chappelier farmer  VA
497 Craig Lawson B 18 Laborer In HH of William Chappelier farmer VA
498 Craig Francis M 11   In HH of Edward Fletcher farmer VA
499 Dean William B 23 Blacksmith In HH of John Guard blacksmith VA
499 Dean Jane B 9   In HH of John Guard blacksmith VA
500 Lawson William B 40 Blacksmith Own HH VA
500 Lawson Adaline B 40     VA
500 Lawson Rachael B 19     VA
500 Lawson Charlotte B 16     VA
500 Lawson James W. B 14     VA
500 Lawson Mary B 12     VA
500 Lawson Adaline B 11     VA
500 Lawson Isabella B 5     VA
500 Lawson James H. B 2     VA
503 Frazier Catharine B 40   In HH of John W. Rosson plasterer VA
504 Veney George B 22 Laborer In HH of Wm. Hawkins blacksmith VA
518 Helm Isaac B 5   In HH of John T. Ball merchant. Also boarding in this HH were a clergyman, Wm. Sheetz and his wife Lavinia. VA
536 Marrs Daniel B 60   In HH of Horatio G. Moffett lawyer VA
536 Marrs James B 55   In HH of Horatio G. Moffett lawyer VA
538 Marrs Eliza B 32   In HH of Butler Stonestreet wheelwright VA
542 Timbers Henry M 22 Laborer In HH of Wm. Houghton farmer VA
550 Phillips Jerry B 26   In HH of Joshua Hopper farmer VA
551 Phillips Nancy B 60   Own HH VA
552 Phillips Matilda B 40   Own HH VA
552 Phillips Catharine M 26     VA
552 Phillips Franklin B 9     VA
552 Phillips French M 7     VA
552 Crop John M 35   In HH of Matilda Phillips VA
565 West Letty B 53 Land valued at $120.00 Own HH VA
565 West Eliza A. B 28     VA
565 West Mary E. B 20     VA
565 West Sarah F. B 18     VA
565 West Letha A. B 10     VA
565 West James A. B 5     VA
565 West Virnal (female) B 3     VA
565 Cisker Henry B 15   In HH of Letty West VA
567 Lawson Peter B 45 Blacksmith Own HH VA
567 Lawson Jane B 27     VA
567 Lawson John B 17 Blacksmith   VA
567 Lawson Sarah Jane B 16     VA
567 Lawson Elizabeth B 15     VA
567 Lawson George B 12     VA
567 Lawson Francis B 10     VA
567 Lawson James B 8     VA
567 Lawson Eliza B 6     VA
567 Lawson Lucy B 5     VA
572 Richardson Juda B 12   In HH of James Johnson farmer later convicted of murdering his wife with poison VA
608 Veney Peasant B 70 Land valued at $100 Own HH VA
608 Veney Hopy B 45     VA
608 Veney Jeffrey B 19 Laborer   VA
608 Veney Margaret B 14     VA
608 Veney Mary Jane B 13     VA
608 Veney Silas B 11     VA
608 Veney Sarah E. B 9     VA
608 Veney Martha A. B 8     VA
608 Veney Lee B 4     VA
608 Veney Henry B 9     VA
608 Veney Richard B 5     VA
608 Veney Joseph B 4     VA
623 Ving Rachel B 35   Own HH VA
623 Ving Lewis B 14     VA
626 Veney Franklin B 20 Laborer In HH of John Quaintance farmer VA
626 Veney Daniel B 18 Laborer In HH of John Quaintance farmer VA
646 Richardson James B 16 Laborer In HH of James S. Stark farmer VA
646 Richardson  Ellen B 12   In HH of James S. Stark farmer VA
672 Miles Drucilla B 46   Own HH VA
672 Miles Henry B 21 Laborer   VA
672 Miles Lindsey B 18 Laborer   VA
672 Miles Leander B 15     VA
672 Miles Daniel B 7     VA
672 Timbers James B 8   In HH of Drucilla Miles VA
698 French Martha B 28   Own HH VA
698 French Frances B 7     VA
698 French Georgeanna B 4     VA
698 Drewy Jane B 28   In HH of Martha French above VA
698 Drewy Margaret B 7   In HH of Martha French VA
698 Drewy Leny B 6   In HH of Martha French VA
698 Drewy William B 4   In HH of Martha French VA
698 Drewy Matilda A. B 2   In HH of Martha French VA
771 Lewis Kemp B 42 Laborer Own HH VA
771 Lewis Susan B 36     VA
771 Lewis Charles B 14     VA
771 Lewis Tulian B 13     VA
771 Lewis Lucinda B 11     VA
771 Lewis George B 10     VA
771 Lewis Enoch B 8     VA
771 Lewis Phoebe B 5     VA
771 Lewis Freelinghuysen B 3     VA
771 Lewis Langron B 2     VA
771 Lewis Current B 2     VA
771 Lewis David B 5     VA
773 Bridget Mary B 30   Own HH VA
773 Bridget James B 11     VA
773 Bridget Harriet B 8     VA
773 Bridget Jane B 6     VA
774 Vaugh Mary B 50   Own HH VA
774 Vaugh Mary B 30     VA
774 Vaugh Elizabeth B 14     VA
774 Vaugh Silas B 16 Laborer   VA
777 Smith Reuben B 16 Laborer In HH of John Myers farmer, 2 sons and 2 white unrelated young men also working as laborers in HH VA
777 Smith Edward B 12   In HH of John Myers farmer VA
822 King Tabitha B 49   Own HH VA
824 King Susan B 29   Own HH VA
824 King Elizabeth B 28     VA
824 King John L. B 24 Laborer   VA
824 King William B 21 Laborer   VA
824 King Henry B 17 Laborer   VA
824 King Thomas B 14     VA
824 King Robert B 12     VA
824 King Mary B 12     VA
825 Veney Nancy B 50   Own HH VA
825 Veney Juliet B 22     VA
825 Veney Tennessee B 11     VA
825 Veney Harrit B 9     VA
825 Veney Roxaline B 6     VA
825 Veney James B 5     VA
825 Veney Henry B 3     VA
827 Veney Pendleton B 16   In HH of John Racer, farmer VA
828 Craig Harry B 24 Laborer In HH of William Fogg, farmer VA
833 Phillips George B 14   In HH of Barnett Grimsley, Baptist Clergyman VA
833 Phillips William B 12   In HH of Barnett Grimsley, Baptist Clergyman VA
837 Phillips Albert B 29 Laborer Own HH VA
837 Phillips Maria B 25     VA
837 Phillips George  B 3     VA
837 Phillips Lawson B 1     VA
837 Phillips Strother B 17     VA
849 Shaw John B 80   In County Poor Farm near Flint Hill, the only black pauper. There were 17 white paupers, including 2 mothers with their young children. Benjamin Butler was listed as 97 yrs. old. Susan Leake as 71 and Sarah Hittle as 70. VA
859 Lewis James B 25 Laborer In HH of William Rudasille, farmer. Also, in the HH were Joseph Mason working as a miller, Joseph Hull working as a carpenter, and 3 young white men working as laborers. VA
908 Helm Pender M 13   In HH of Henry Barber, farmer VA
918 Payne Roda B 50   Own HH VA
918 Payne Bushrod B 27 Cooper (Barrel Maker)   VA
918 Payne Jane B 25     VA
919 Strother Isaac B 44 Shoemaker In own HH VA
919 Strother Mariah B 34     VA
934 Page Patsey B 20   In HH of Howard Compton, farmer VA
935 Miller Jane B 23   In own HH VA
935 Miller Elizabeth B 5 mths.     VA
936 Craig Anphenith B 39   In Own HH VA
936 Craig Susan B 6     VA
936 Craig Black B 3     VA
939 Curtis Abram B 56 Distiller In HH of Alfred Corran, farmer VA
939 Curtis Lucy B 28   In HH of Alfred Corran, farmer VA
941 Arnold John M 35 Cooper (Barrel Maker) In HH of Samuel Chancellor, farmer. He also had a Burr W. Wiley a whiter miller in his household VA
947 Curtis Eliza B 45   Own HH VA
947 Curtis Fenah B 23     VA
947 Curtis Cloe B 21     VA
947 Curtis Kitty B 20     VA
947 Curtis James B 16 Laborer   VA
947 Curtis Milly B 12     VA
947 Curtis Mary B 9     VA
947 Curtis Jenney B 5     VA
947 Curtis Ned B 6     VA
947 Curtis George B 3     VA
947 Curtis Elsina B 7     VA
947 Curtis Branson B 3     VA
950 Curtis Kitty B 30   Own HH VA
950 Curtis Lucy B 16     VA
950 Curtis Catherine B 14     VA
950 Curtis George B 22 Laborer   VA
950 Curtis Amanda B 3     VA
950 Curtis Cloe B 100     VA
955 Green Randall B 60   In Own HH VA
955 Green Cloe B 50     VA
955 Green Tamar B 11     VA
955 Green Bailor B 10     VA
955 Green Tom B 8     VA
959 Strother Robert M 14   In HH of Adaway Clark, farmer.  VA
964 Folks Eliza B 23   In HH of Joseph F. Brown, farmer. William Anderson, white, also was in the HH as a laborer. VA
964 Folks George B 4   In HH od Joseph F. Brown VA
966 Payne George B 28 Cooper Own HH VA
966 Payne Mary B 25     VA
966 Payne Angeline B 11     VA
966 Payne Roxaline B 4     VA
966 Payne Alfred B 2     VA
966 Payne Caroline B 13     VA
966 Payne Jarret B 60     VA
989 Johnson Solomon B 40 Laborer In HH of Benoni Griffen, dairyman and farmer. He had 3 white laborers in his HH also. VA
The addition of numerous documents to our Digital Files concerning African-American families in Rappahannock County was made possible in part  by  Grant # MA-31-18-0248-18 from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.